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Lichen: Cladonia fimbriata

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Cladonia fimbriata

Name: Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr.Cladonia fimbriata

Pronunciation: Cladonia fimbriata

Conservation Evaluation: Least Concern

Description: Cladonia fimbriata has relatively tall trumpet-shaped podium-like structures or podetia. The podetia rise like small tubes and abruptly open out trumpet-like, which is a distinguishing feature. The reproductive structure or apothecium resides at the top of the podetia. The podetia range from 1 cm to 2 cm in height and are usually coated in a fine dust of soredia. Sometimes the soredia form larger granules, but this is rare. The rims of the podetia are even, unless they are actively reproducing, in which case the apothecia make the rim lumpy or irregular.Cladonia fimbriate

The thallus is a grey-green to green colour. Scales or squamules with a small indent (giving them a lobed appearance) cover the thallus, but not the podetia. The squamules may be sorediate or dusty. Spores are colourless, 1-celled and are packed 8 to an ascus. The photobiont is Trebouxia.

Chemical Tests: K-, P+ rust red, UV-.

Nature Notes: Cladonia fimbriata is shade-loving and typically found on acid soil and rotting wood. It is a species typical of raised bogs in Ireland where it is shaded by the heather species of Erica and Calluna. It is found both in coastal areas and inland. It is rare on old walls, trees and rocks.

Vice County distribution map of Cladonia fimbriata: See Map

map-cladonia-fimbriata

Link: Map this species on the Lichen Survey

Other species recorded in Ireland

  • Cladonia arbuscula subsp. squarrosa (Wallr.) Ruoss
  • Cladonia azorica Ahti
  • Cladonia bellidiflora (Ach.) Schaer.
  • Cladonia caespiticia (Pers.) Florke
  • Cladonia cariosa (Ach.) Spreng.
  • Cladonia cervicornis subsp. cervicornis
  • Cladonia cervicornis subsp. Verticillata (Hoffm.) Ahti
  • Cladonia chlorophaea (Florke ex Sommerf.) Spreng.
  • Cladonia ciliata var. ciliata
  • Cladonia ciliata var. tenuis (Flörke) Ahti
  • Cladonia coccifera (L.) Willd.
  • Cladonia coniocraea (Florke) Spreng.
  • Cladonia cornuta (L.) Hoffm.
  • Cladonia crispata var. cetrariiformis (Delise ex Duby) Vain.
  • Cladonia cyathomorpha Stirt ex Walt. Watson
  • Cladonia digitata (L.) Hoffm.
  • Cladonia diversa Asperges
  • Cladonia floerkeana (Fr.) Florke
  • Cladonia foliacea (Huds.) Willd.
  • Cladonia furcata subsp. furcata
  • Cladonia furcata subsp. Subrangiformis (Sandst.) Abbayes
  • Cladonia fimbriata
  • Cladonia glauca Florke
  • Cladonia gracilis (L.) Willd.
  • Cladonia humilis (With.) J. R. Laundon
  • Cladonia incrassata Florke
  • Cladonia luteoalba Wheldon and A. Wilson
  • Cladonia macilenta Hoffm.
  • Cladonia mitis Sandst.
  • Cladonia ochrochlora Florke
  • Cladonia parasitica (Hoffm.) Hoffm.
  • Cladonia peziziformis (With.) J. R. Laundon
  • Cladonia pleurota (Florke) Schaer.
  • Cladonia pocillum (Ach.) Grognot
  • Cladonia polydactyla var. polydactyla
  • Cladonia polydactyla var. umbricola (Tønsberg & Ahti) Coppins
  • Cladonia portentosa (Dufour) Coem.
  • Cladonia pyxidata (L.) Hoffm.
  • Cladonia ramulosa (With.) J. R. Laundon
  • Cladonia rangiferina (L.) F. H. Wigg.
  • Cladonia rangiformis Hoffm.
  • Cladonia scabriuscula (Delise) Nyl.
  • Cladonia squamosa var. squamosa
  • Cladonia squamosa var. sub squamosa (Nyl ex Leigh.) Vain.
  • Cladonia stereoclada Abbayes
  • Cladonia strepsilis (Ach.) Grognot
  • Cladonia subcervicornis (Vain.) Kernst.
  • Cladonia subulata (L.) F. H. Wigg.
  • Cladonia sulphurina (Michx.) Fr.
  • Cladonia uncialis subsp. biuncialis (Hoffm.) M. Choisy
  • Cladonia zopfii Vain.

Text and images © Paul Whelan, 2009.