Lichen: Toninia aromatica
Name: Toninia aromatica (Turner ex Sm.) A. Massal. (1855)
Pronunciation: Toninia aromatica
Popular Name: Black Blister Lichen Body Type: Crustose
Conservation Evaluation: Least Concern
Description: The thallus is made up of dark grey lumpy squamules, sometimes with a hint of green and sometimes pruinose. The lower cortex is not well developed. The apothecia are black with a diameter of 1.5 mm; they may be pruinose. Toninia aromatica tends to grow along crevices in rock. Ascospores 12-23 × 3-6 µm, (1-)3-septate, thinly ellipsoid with rounded ends. Lichen products not detected.
Chemical Tests: K-.
Nature Notes: Common throughout Ireland, particularly on shales and Carboniferous rocks such as slate and limestone. It is part of the coastal community, being found on the upper shore and on shell-sand dunes. Favours non silica-rich rocks such as limestone; it is also found on mortar on old walls and in fissures and other drainage tracks. Rarely found on trees.
Vice County distribution map of Acarospora fuscata: See Map
Link: Map this species on the Lichen Survey
Other species recorded in Ireland
- Toninia diffracta (A.Massal.) Zahlbr.
- Toninia episema (Nyl.) Timdal
- Toninia mesoidea (Nyl.) Zahlbr.
- Toninia sedifolia (Scop.) Timdal
- Toninia thiopsora (Nyl.) H.Olivier
- Toninia verrucarioides (Nyl.) Timdal
Text and images © Paul Whelan, 2009.