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Lichen synonyms E-H

E

Synonym Current Lichen Name
Echinothecium glabrum M.S. Christ., Alstrup & D. Hawksw. = Sphaerellothecium araneosum
Encephalographa cerebrina (DC.) A. Massal. = Poeltinula cerebrina
Encephalographa interjecta (Leight.) Th. Fr. = Melaspilea interjecta
Enchylium fasciculare (L.) Gray = Collema fasciculare
Enchylium fasciculare sensu Gray p.p. = Collema polycarpon
Enchylium fasciculare var. aggregatum (Ach.) Gray = Collema fasciculare
Enchylium crispum (Huds.) Gray = Collema crispum
Enchylium fluviale Gray, nom. illeg. = Collema dichotomum
Enchylium marginale (Huds.) Gray = Collema cristatum var. marginale
Enchylium tenax (Sw.) Gray = Collema tenax
Endocarpon cinereum var. cartilagineum Nyl. = Placidiopsis custnani
Endocarpon crombei Mudd = Thamnogalla crombei (Mudd) D. Hawksw.
Endocarpon fissum (Taylor) Leight. = Staurothele fissa
Endocarpon fuscellum (Turner) Ach. = Verrucaria fuscella
Endocarpon lithinum Leight. = Staurothele fissa
Endocarpon microsticticum Leight., nom. inval. = Polycoccum microstictum
#Endocarpon pallidum auct. brit. p.p. = Endocarpon adscendens
Endocarpon polystictum (Borrer) Hook. = Verrucaria polysticta
Endocarpon pusillum var. pallidum (Ach.) Körb. = Endocarpon pallidum
Endocarpon psoromoides (Borrer) Hook. = Catapyrenium psoromoides
Endocarpon rugosum Taylor = Porpidia rugosa
Endocarpon smaragdulum Wahlenb. = Acarospora smaragdula
Endocarpon sorediatum (Borrer) Hook. = Endocarpon pusillum
Endocarpon squamulosum auct. brit. p.p. = Catapyrenium lachneum
Endocarpon viride Ach. = Lichenomphalia hudsoniana
Endococcus alpestris D. Hawksw. = Endococcus apiciicola Nyl.
Endococcus alpicola Nyl. = Endococcus apiciicola Nyl.
Endococcus exoriens Stirt. = Phaeospora exoriens
Endococcus gyrophorarum (Arnold) J.C. David & D. Hawksw. = Stigmidium gyrophorarum
Endococcus parietinus (Linds.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux [orth. error] = Endococcus parietinarius
Endococcus stigma auct. = Endococcus perpusillus
Endococcus triphractoides Nyl. = ? Phaeospora parasitica
Endococcus vermicularius (Linds.) D. Hawksw. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Enterographa dendritica (Leight.) P. James = Arthonia atlantica
Enterographa venosa auct. p.p. = Enterographa crassa
Enterographa venosa sensu A.L. Sm. = Enterographa elaborata
Enterographa zonata (Körb.) Källsten in Torrente & Egea = Opegrapha zonata
Ephebe byssoides Carrington = Polychidium dendriscum
Ephebe pubescens auct. brit. = Ephebe lanata
Ephebe pubescens var. hispidula (Ach.) Gray = Ephebe hispidula
Ephebeia hispidula (Ach.) Nyl. = Ephebe hispidula
Ephebeia hispidula subsp. martindalei (Cromb. ex. Nyl.) Cromb. = Ephebe lanata
Ephebeia martindalei Cromb. ex. Nyl. = Ephebe lanata
Epicymatia thallophila (Cooke) Sacc. = Anisomeridium biforme
#Epigloea bactrospora auct. brit. pre-1994 = Epigloea grummannnii
Epigloea renitens auct. brit., non (Grummann) Döbbeler = Epigloea soleiformis
Eucollema cheilium f. monocarpon (Dufour ex Schaer.) Horw. [? non sensu Horw.] = Collema crispum var. metzleri
Eucollema cheilium f. monocarpon sensu Horw. = Collema crispum var. crispum
Eucollema crispum ceranoides f. cristatulum (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Horw. = Collema tenax
Eucollema flaccidum (Ach.) Horw. = Collema flaccidum
Eucollema glaucescens sensu Horw. = Collema limosum
Eucollema granuliferum (Nyl.) Horw. = Collema cristatum
Eucollema melaenum f. jacobaeifolium (Schrank) Horw. = Collema cristatum var. marginale
Eucollema melaenum f. marginale (Huds.) Horw. = Collema cristatum var. marginale
Eucollema polycarpon (Hoffm.) Horw. = Collema polycarpon
Eucollema pulposum (Bernh.) Horw., nom. illeg. = Collema tenax
Eucollema pulposum f. compactum sensu Horw. = Collema tenax
Eucollema pulposum var. pulposulum (Nyl.) Horw. = Collema tenax
Eucollema tenax var. coronatum (Körb.) Horw. = Collema tenax
Evernia furfuracea (L.) Mann = Pseudevernia furfuracea
Evernia arenaria auct. brit., non (Retz.) Fr. = Evernia prunastri
Evernia herinii P.A. Duvign. = Evernia prunastri {CR}
Evernia ochroleuca var. cincinnata Fr. = Alectoria sarmentosa subsp. vexillifera
Evernia prunastri f. herinii (P.A. Duvign.) D. Hawksw. = Evernia prunastri {CR}
Evernia prunastri var. stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Ach. = Evernia prunastri
Evernia stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Sm. & Sowerby = Evernia prunastri

F

Lichen Name Synonym
Fellhanera myrtillicola (Erichsen) Hafellner = Fellhaneropsis myrtillicola
Fellhanera vezdae (Coppins & P. James) V. Wirth = Fellhaneropsis vezdae
%Fissurina alboscripta (Coppins & P. James) Staiger = Graphis alboscripta
Foraminella ambigua (Wulfen) S.L.F. Mey. = Parmeliopsis ambigua
Foraminella hyperopta (Ach.) S.L.F. Mey. = Parmeliopsis hyperopta
Fucus pumilus Huds. = Lichina pygmaea
Fucus pygmaeus Lightf. = Lichina pygmaea
Fucus pygmaeus f. minor Turner = Lichina confinis
Fusarium kuhnii auct. = ? Athelia arachnoidea
Fuscidea aggregata (Flot.) V. Wirth & V?zda = Fuscidea austera
Fuscidea atlantica (H. Magn.) P. James & Poelt = Fuscidea intercincta
Fuscidea cyathoides var. corticola auct. brit. = Fuscidea cyathoides var. cyathoides
Fuscidea gothoburgensis f. maculosa (H. Magn.) Poelt = Fuscidea gothoburgensis
Fuscidea hibernica P. James & Poelt = Ropalospora hibernica
Fuscidea lugubris (Sommerf.) P. James & Purvis = Ropalospora lugubris
Fuscidea periplaca (Nyl.) V. Wirth & V?zda = Fuscidea lygaea
Fuscidea poeltii Fryday ad. int. = unpublished name
Fuscidea taeniarum (Malme) V. Wirth & V?zda = Fuscidea austera
Fuscidea tenebrica (Nyl.) V. Wirth & V?zda = Fuscidea lygaea
Fuscidea viridis Tønsbertg = Ropalospora viridis

G

Lichen Name Synonym
Geltingia groenlandiae Alstrup & D. Hawksw. = Unguiculariopsis groenlandiae {LF}
Girardia atrovirens (Dillwyn) Gray = Ephebe lanata
Gloeolecta bryophaga (Körb. ex Arnold) V?zda = Bryophagus gloeocapsa
Gloeopeziza crozalsii sensu Dennis = Vezdaea retigera
Gloniopsis watsonii Rilstone = Graphina ruiziana
Glyphis labyrinthica auct. brit. = Syncesia myrticola
Gongylia incarnata (Th. Fr.) Zahlbr. = Belonia incarnata
Gongylia sabuletorum (Fr.) Stein = Arthrorhaphis grisea {LF}
Gongylia viridis A.L. Sm. = Arthrorhaphis grisea {LF}
Gonionema compactum (Agardh) Nyl. = non-lichenized Scytonema sp. {cyanobacterium}
Gonionema velutinum (Ach.) Nyl. = Thermutis velutina
Graphina anguina var. pulverulenta sensu A.L. Sm. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphina inustula (Nyl.) A.L. Sm. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphina ruiziana var. anomala (Leight.) Zahlbr. = Graphina ruiziana
%Graphis britannica Staiger = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis dendritica (Ach.) Ach. = Phaeographis dendritica
Graphis dendritica var. obtusa (Leight.) Mudd = Phaeographis dendritica
Graphis diffracta Turner ex Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis diffracta var. flexuosa Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis diffracta var. major Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis diffracta var. minor Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis diffracta var. radiata Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis inusta auct. p.max.p. = Phaeographis smithii
Graphis lyellii (Sm.) Ach. = Phaeographis lyellii
Graphis petrina Nyl. = Graphis elegans
Graphis pulverulenta sensu Leight., non (Pers.) Ach. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis ramificans Nyl. = Graphis elegans
%Graphis ruiziana (Fée) A. Massal. = Graphina ruiziana
#Graphis scripta sensu Leight. (1854) = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis scripta f. horizontalis Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta f. varia Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. diffusa Leight. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis scripta var. diffracta (Turner ex Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. diffracta f. flexuosa (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. diffracta f. major (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. diffracta f. minor (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. diffracta f. radiata (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. divaricata Leight. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis scripta var. divaricata (Leight.) Mudd, non Leight. (1854) = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. eutypa (Ach.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. flexuosa Leight. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis scripta var. flexuosa (Leight.) Mudd, non Leight. (1854) = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. horizontalis (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. minuta (Leight.) Mudd, non Leight. (1854) = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. radiata Leight. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis scripta var. radiata (Leight.) Mudd, non Leight. (1854) = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. recta (Humb.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. serpentina (Ach.) Nyl. = Graphis scriptav
Graphis scripta var. serpentina f. eutypa (Ach.) Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. spathaea (Ach.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. stellata (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. varia (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis scripta var. tremulans (Leight.) Mudd = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina (Ach.) Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. diffusa Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. divaricata Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. eutypa (Ach.) Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. flexuosa Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. horizontalis Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. minuta Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. radiata Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. recta (Humb.) Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. spathea (Ach.) Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. stellata Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. tremulans Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis serpentina var. varia Leight. = Graphis scripta
Graphis sophistica auct. brit. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Graphis sophistica var. pulverulenta (Arnold) Leight. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Guignardia corniculata (Wallr.) Keissl. = Obryzum corniculatum {LF}
Guignardia fimbriata auct. brit. = ? Phaeopyxis punctum {LF}
Guignardia olivieri (Vouaux) Sacc. = Telogalla olivieri {LF}
Guignardia psoromoides (Borrer) Keissl. = Catapyrenium psoromoides
Gyalecta ascaridiella (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Spirographa fusisporella {LF}
Gyalecta bryophaga (Körb. ex Arnold) Hellb. = Bryophagus gloeocapsa
Gyalecta carneolutea (Turner) H. Olivier = Cryptolechia carneolutea
Gyalecta cornea (Ach.) Tuck. = Pachyphiale carneola
Gyalecta corticola (Lönnr.) A.L. Sm. = Pachyphiale fagicola
Gyalecta cupularis (Hedw.) Schaer. = Gyalecta jenensis
Gyalecta diluta (Pers.) Blomb. & Forssell = Dimerella pineti
Gyalecta exanthematica (Sm.) Fr. = Petractis clausa
Gyalecta fritzei Stein = Gyalidea fritzei
Gyalecta gloeocapsa (Nitschke ex Arnold) Zahlbr. = Bryophagus gloeocapsa
Gyalecta livida (Mudd) Zahlbr. = Megalaria laureri
Gyalecta lutea (Dicks.) Fr. = Dimerella lutea
Gyalecta roseola Arnold = Gyalidea roseola
Gyalecta rubra (Hoffm.) A. Massal. = Gyalecta ulmi
Gyalecta truncigena var. derivata (Nyl.) Boistel = Gyalecta derivata
Gyalectina carneolutea (Turner) V?zda = Cryptolechia carneolutea
Gyalidea fritzei var. rivularis (Eitner) V?zda = Gyalidea rivularis
Gyrophora arctica Ach. = Umbilicaria arctica (Ach.) Nyl.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora cirrhosa auct. brit., non (Hoffm) Vain. = Umbilicaria crustulosa
Gyrophora cirrhosa (Hoffm.) Vain. = Umbilicaria vellea (L.) Hoffm.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora cirrosa [orth. var.] auct. brit. = Umbilicaria crustulosa
Gyrophora cylindrica (L.) Ach. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica var. delisei (Nyl.) Th. Fr. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica var. denticulata Ach. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica f. denticulata (Ach.) Mudd = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica f. denudata (Turner & Borrer) Mudd = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica f. exasperata (Turner & Borrer) Mudd = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica var. fimbriata Ach. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica f. fimbriata (Ach.) Cromb. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora cylindrica var. tornata (Ach.) Th. Fr. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora decussata (Vill.) Zahlbr. = Umbilicaria decussata (Vill.) Zahlbr.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora deusta (L.) Ach. = Umbilicaria deusta
Gyrophora deusta var. corrugata (Hoffm.) Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora deusta var. fimbriata Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora deusta var. mesenteriformis sensu Turner & Borrer,
non (Wulfen) Turner & Borrer
= Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora erosa (Weber) Ach. = Umbilicaria torrefacta
Gyrophora flocculosa (Wulfen) Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria deusta
Gyrophora glabra (Ach.) Ach. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora glabra var. polyphylla (L.) Gray = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora grisea (Hoffm.) Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria grisea
Gyrophora hyperborea (Ach.) Ach. = Umbilicaria hyperborea
Gyrophora hyperborea var. arctica (Ach.) Mudd = Umbilicaria arctica (Ach.) Nyl.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora leiocarpa auct. = Umbilicaria rigida (Du Rietz) Frey;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora pellita (Ach.) Ach. = Umbilicaria polyrrhiza
Gyrophora polyphylla (L.) Funk = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora polyphylla var. congregata Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora polyphylla var. flocculosa (Wulfen) Hepp = Umbilicaria deusta
Gyrophora polyphylla f. glabra (Ach.) Th. Fr. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora polyphylla f. lacera (Leight.) Hepp = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora polyphylla var. sulcata Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Gyrophora polyrrhiza (L.) Körb. = Umbilicaria polyrrhiza
Gyrophora polyrrhiza f. luxurians (Ach.) Th. Fr. = Umbilicaria polyrrhiza
Gyrophora proboscidea (L.) Ach. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora proboscidea sensu Turner & Borrer, non (L.) Ach. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora proboscidea var. arctica (Ach.) Wahlenb. = Umbilicaria arctica (Ach.) Nyl.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora proboscidea var. denticulata (Ach.) Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora proboscidea var. denudata Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora proboscidea f. exasperata (Hoffm.) Cromb. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora proboscidea var. exasperata Turner & Borrer = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Gyrophora proboscidea f. fimbriata (Turner & Borrer) Mudd = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Gyrophora pustulata (L.) Ach. = Lasallia pustulata
Gyrophora spodochroa auct. brit. = Umbilicaria crustulosa
Gyrophora stipitata (Nyl.) Branth. = Umbilicaria virginis Schaer.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Gyrophora torrefacta (Lightf.) Cromb. = Umbilicaria torrefacta

H

Lichen Name Synonym
Haematomma caesium Coppins & P. James = Mycoblastus caesius
Haematomma coccineum Körb. = Haematomma ochroleucum
Haematomma elatinum (Ach.) A. Massal. = Loxospora elatina
Haematomma lapponicum Räsänen = Ophioparma lapponica (Räsänen) Hafellner & R.W. Rogers,
but British status of this species doubtful
Haematomma leprarioides auct., non (Vain.) Vain. = Haematomma sorediatum
Haematomma neglectum Lumbsch & Feige = Haematomma sorediatum
Haematomma ventosum (L.) A. Massal. = Ophioparma ventosa
Haematomma ventosum subsp. lapponicum (Räsänen) J.R. Laundon = Ophioparma lapponica (Räsänen) Hafellner & R.W. Rogers,
but British status of this species doubtful
Hafellia arnoldii (Servít) Hafellner & Türk = Buellia arnoldii
Hafellia disciformis (Fr.) Marbach & H. Mayrhofer = Buellia disciformis
Hafellia leptoclinoides (Nyl.) Schied. & H. Mayrhofer = Buellia leptoclinoides
Hafellia sanguinolenta (T. Schauer) Hafellner & Türk = Buellia sanguinolenta
Hastifera tenuispora D. Hawksw. & Poelt = Micarea cinerea f. tenuispora
%Helocarpon crassipes Th. Fr. = Micarea crassipes
Helotium cambricum W. Phillips (nom. inval.) = Dimerella lutea
Hemigrapha astericus auct. brit. = Hemigrapha atlantica
Lecidea botryosa (Fr.) Th. Fr. = Hertelidea botryosa
Heterodermia leucomelaena (L.) Poelt [orth. var.] = Heterodermia leucomela
Heterodermia leucomelos (L.) Poelt [orth. var.] = Heterodermia leucomela
Heterodermia obscurata auct. brit., non (Nyl.) Trevis. = Heterodermia japonica
Heterodermia propagulifera (Vain.) J.P. Dey = Heterodermia japonica
Hobsonia christiansenii B.L. Brady & D. Hawksw. = Illosporiopsis christiansenii {LF}
Huilia albocaerulescens auct. brit. p.p. = Porpidia cinereoatra
Huilia albocaerulescens auct. brit. p.p. = Porpidia contraponenda
Huilia albocaerulescens auct. brit. p.p. = Porpidia platycarpoides
Huilia cinereoatra (Ach.) Hertel = Porpidia cinereoatra
Huilia consentiens (Nyl.) Hertel = Amygdalaria consentiens
Huilia crustulata (Ach.) Hertel = Porpidia crustulata
Huilia flavocaerulescens (Hornem.) Hertel [nom. rejic. prop.], auct. brit. p.min.p. = Porpidia flavicunda
Huilia flavocaerulescens auct. brit. p.max.p. = Porpidia flavocruenta
Huilia flavocaerulescens auct. p.p. [sorediate taxon] = Porpidia melinodes
Huilia glaucophaea (Körb.) Hertel = Porpidia rugosa
Huilia hydrophila (Fr.) Hertel = Porpidia hydrophila
Huilia macrocarpa (DC.) Hertel = Porpidia macrocarpa
Huilia melinodes (Körb.) Hertel = Porpidia melinodes
Huilia nigrocruenta (Anzi) Hertel = Porpidia macrocarpa f. nigrocruenta
Huilia platycarpoides (Bagl.) Hertel = Porpidia platycarpoides
Huilia soredizodes (Lamy ex Nyl.) Hertel = Porpidia soredizodes
Huilia tuberculosa (Sm.) P. James = Porpidia tuberculosa
Hymenelia epulotica (Ach.) Lutzoni sensu Lutzoni p.p. = Hymenelia prevostii
Hymenelia lacustris (With.) M. Choisy = Ionaspis lacustris
Hymenelia obtecta (Vain.) Poelt & V?zda = Ionaspis obtecta
Hymenelia rhodopsis auct. [orth. error] = Hymenelia rhodopis
Hymenodecton dendriticum ((Ach.) Leight. = Phaeographis dendritica
Hypocenomyce leucococca R. Sant. = Pycnora leucococca
Hypocenomyce sorophora (Vain.) P. James & Poelt = Pycnora sorophora
Hypocenomyce xanthococca (Sommerf.) P. James & Gotth. Schneid. = Pycnora xanthococca
Hypogymnia alpicola (Th. Fr.) Hav. = Allantoparmelia alpicola
Hypogymnia bitteriana (Zahlbr.) Räsänen = Hypogymnia farinacea
Hypogymnia encausta (Sm.) Walt. Watson = Brodoa intestiniformis
Hypogymnia intestiniformis (Vill.) Räsänen = Brodoa intestiniformis
#Hypogymnia vittata auct. brit. pre-1998 = Hypogymnia physodes