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Lichen synonyms Q-T

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R

Synonym Current Lichen Name
Ramalina angustissima (Anzi) Vain. = Ramalina subfarinacea
Ramalina armorica Nyl. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina atlantica W. Culb. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina baltica auct. brit. = Ramalina canariensis
Ramalina breviuscula auct. brit., non Nyl. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina breviuscula Nyl. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina breviuscula f. gracilescens Cromb. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina calicaris var. canaliculata Fr. = Ramalina calicarisv
Ramalina calicaris var. subampliata Nyl. = Ramalina calicaris
Ramalina calicaris var. subfastigiata Nyl. = Ramalina calicaris
Ramalina crassa (Delise ex Nyl.) Motyka = Ramalina siliquosav
Ramalina crinalis auct. brit., non (Ach.) Gyeln. = Ramalina chondrina
Ramalina crinalis (Ach.) Gyeln. = Ramalina thrausta;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina curnowii Cromb. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina curnowii var. atlantica (W. Culb.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina curnowii var. stenoclada (W. Culb.) D. Hawksw. & A. Fletcher = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina cuspidata var. crassa Delise ex Nyl. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina dilacerata (Hoffm.) Hoffm. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina druidarum W. Culb. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina duriaei (De Not.) Bagl. = Ramalina lacera
Ramalina evernioides auct. = Ramalina lacera
Ramalina farinacea var. hypoprotocetrarica (W. Culb.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea subsp. intermedia auct. brit. p.max.p.,
non (Delise ex Nyl.) Cromb.
= Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea var. multifida Ach. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea var. pendulina (Ach.) Ach. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea var. phalerata (Ach.) Ach. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea var. reagens de Lesd. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina farinacea f. rubescens Räsänen = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina fastigiata f. conglobata Laurer ex Nyl. = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina fastigiata f. minutula (Ach.) Cromb. = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina fastigiata f. tortulosa A. Massal. ex Jatta = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina fenestrata Motyka = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina fraxinea f. ampliata (Ach.) Anders = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina fraxinea var. ampliata Ach. = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina fraxinea var. calicariformis Nyl. = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina fraxinea subsp. calicariformis (Nyl.) de Lesd. = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina fraxinea var. pellucida A.E. Wade = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina fraxinea f. taeniaeformis (Ach.) Leight. = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina fraxinea var. taeniaeformis Ach. = Ramalina fraxinea
Ramalina geniculata auct. brit. = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina hypoprotocetrarica W. Culb. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina incrassata (Nyl.) Motyka = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina intermedia auct. brit. p.p. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina intermedia sensu A.E. Wade = ? Ramalina subfarinacea
Ramalina intermedia Delise ex Nyl. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina minuscula (Nyl.) Nyl. = Ramalina dilacerata;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina obtusata auct. brit. = Ramalina canariensis
Ramalina obtusata (Arnold) Bitter = not correctly reported from the British Isles
Ramalina obtusata var. ventricosa auct. brit., non (Eitner) Keissl. = Ramalina canariensis
#Ramalina pollinaria auct. brit. p.p. = Ramalina farinacea
#Ramalina pollinaria auct. brit. p.p. = Ramalina lacera
Ramalina pollinaria var. humilis Ach. = ? Ramalina pollinaria
Ramalina pollinaria var. humilis auct. brit. p.p. = ? Ramalina farinacea
#Ramalina polymorpha auct. brit. p.p. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina polymorpha var. emplecta (Ach.) Ach. = Ramalina polymorpha
Ramalina populina (Hoffm.) Vain. = Ramalina fastigiata
Ramalina reagens (de Lesd.) W. Culb. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina scopulorum (Retz.) Ach. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina scopulorum var. incrassata Nyl. = Ramalina siliquosa
#Ramalina scopulorum var. polymorpha auct. brit. p.max.p. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina scopulorum var. polymorpha (Lilj.) Mudd = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina scopulorum var. subfarinacea Nyl. ex Cromb. = Ramalina subfarinacea
Ramalina siliquosa var. armorica (Nyl.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina siliquosa f. cornuata (Ach.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa f. cornuta (Harm.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa f. crassa (Delise ex Nyl.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa var. crassa (Delise ex Nyl.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa var. druidarum (W. Culb.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa var. gracilescens (Cromb.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa f. incrassata (Nyl.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa f. rugosa (H. Olivier) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa var. scopulorum (Retz.) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina siliquosa f. tuberculosa (H. Olivier) A.E. Wade = Ramalina siliquosa
Ramalina stenoclada W. Culb. = Ramalina cuspidata
Ramalina strepsilis (Ach.) Zahlbr. = Ramalina capitata
Ramalina subfarinacea var. reagens (de Lesd.) D. Hawksw. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina subfarinacea var. salazinica D. Hawksw. = Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina thrausta auct. brit. = Ramalina chondrina
Ramonia aff. luteola Vêzda = Ramonia interjecta
Ramularia peltigericola D. Hawksw. = Hawksworthiana peltigericola {LF}
Raphiospora flavovirescens (Dicks.) Körb. = Arthrorhaphis citrinella
Rhacodiopsis rupestris (Pers.) Donk = Racodium rupestre
Rhizocarpon alboatrum (Hoffm.) Anzi = Diplotomma alboatrum
Rhizocarpon alboatrum var. epipolium (Ach.) A.L. Sm. = Diplotomma epipolium
Rhizocarpon alboatrum var. epipolium auct. p.p. = Diplotomma alboatrum
Rhizocarpon alboatrum var. venustum auct. brit. = Diplotomma alboatrum
Rhizocarpon atlanticum I.M. Lamb = Rhizocarpon richardii
Rhizocarpon atroalbescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Rhizocarpon eupetraeoides
Rhizocarpon calcareum (Ach.) Anzi = Rhizocarpon umbilicatum
Rhizocarpon chlorophaeum Hepp ex Müll. Arg. = Diplotomma chlorophaeum
Rhizocarpon colludens sensu Fryday (1996) = Rhizocarpon hochstetteri
Rhizocarpon colludens var. rufoatrum sensu Fryday (1996) = Rhizocarpon hochstetteri [stictic acid-containing race]
Rhizocarpon concentricum auct., ? non (Davies) Beltr. = Rhizocarpon petraeum
Rhizocarpon concentricum var. excentricum (Ach.) Syd. = Rhizocarpon petraeum
Rhizocarpon confervoides auct. brit. p.max.p. = Rhizocarpon reductum
Rhizocarpon confervoides auct. brit. p.min.p. = Rhizocarpon lavatum
Rhizocarpon constrictum Malme = Rhizocarpon richardii
Rhizocarpon crystalligenum Lynge = Rhizocarpon superficiale
Rhizocarpon cyclodes Hellb. ex Th. Fr. = Rhizocarpon copelandii
Rhizocarpon disporum auct. brit., non (Nägeli ex Hepp) Müll. Arg. = Rhizocarpon geminatum
Rhizocarpon disporum (Nägeli ex Hepp) Müll. Arg. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rhizocarpon drepanodes Feuerer = Rhizocarpon ferax
Rhizocarpon expallescens auct. brit. p.p. = Rhizocarpon caesium
Rhizocarpon frigidum Räsänen = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
subsp. arcticum (Runemark) Hertel
= Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
var. atrovirens (L.) Körb.
= Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
subsp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Poelt & Vêzda
= Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
subsp. frigidum (Räsänen) Hertel
= Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
var. geronticum (Ach.) Räsänen
= Rhizocarpon alpicola
Rhizocarpon geographicum
var. lecanorinum auct.
= Rhizocarpon lecanorinum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
subsp. prospectans (Räsänen) D. Hawksw. & Sowter
= Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
var. sphaericum (Schaer.) Mudd
= Rhizocarpon viridiatrum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
var. urceolatum sensu Mudd
= Rhizocarpon ? geographicum
#Rhizocarpon hochstetteri auct. brit. p.p. = Rhizocarpon infernulum f. infernulum
#Rhizocarpon hochstetteri auct. brit. p.p. = Rhizocarpon infernulum f. sylvaticum Fryday
Rhizocarpon hochstetteri var. rufoatrum Fryday ad int. = Rhizocarpon hochstetteri [stictic acid-containing race]
Rhizocarpon intersitum auct. brit. = application uncertain
Rhizocarpon lindsayanum Räsänen = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon lindsayanum subsp. kittilense (Räsänen) Runemark = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon lotum auct. brit. = ? Rhizocarpon postumum
Rhizocarpon montagnei Körb. = Rhizocarpon disporum (Nägeli ex Hepp) Müll. Arg.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rhizocarpon obscuratum (Ach.) A. Massal. = Rhizocarpon lavatum
Rhizocarpon obscuratum auct. p.p. = Rhizocarpon reductum
Rhizocarpon obscuratum var. reductum (Th. Fr.) Eitner = Rhizocarpon reductum
Rhizocarpon obscuratum subsp. roridulum sensu A.L. Sm., non Th. Fr. = ? Rhizocarpon lavatum
Rhizocarpon obscuratum var. roridulum auct. brit., non (Th. Fr.) Elenkin = ? Rhizocarpon lavatum
Rhizocarpon obscuratum var. roridulum (Th. Fr.) Elenkin = Rhizocarpon roridulum (Th. Fr. ) H. Olivier;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rhizocarpon oceanicum Fryday ad int. = Rhizocarpon infernulum f. sylvaticum Fryday
Rhizocarpon orphninum (Vain.) Zahlbr. = ? Rhizocarpon distinctum
Rhizocarpon petraeum var. concentricum sensu Mudd = Rhizocarpon petraeum
Rhizocarpon petraeum var. excentricum sensu A.L. Sm. = Rhizocarpon petraeum
Rhizocarpon petraeum var. lavatum (Fr.) Mudd = Rhizocarpon lavatum
Rhizocarpon perlutum (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Rhizocarpon petraeum
Rhizocarpon plicatile (Leight.) A.L. Sm. = Stereocaulon plicatile
#Rhizocarpon plicatile auct. brit. p.p. = Rhizocarpon reductum
Rhizocarpon polycarpon (Hepp) Th. Fr. [orth. var.] = Rhizocarpon polycarpum
Rhizocarpon riparium Räsänen = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon riparium subsp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) Thomson = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon roridulum (Th. Fr.) H. Olivier = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rhizocarpon rubescens auct. brit. = Rhizocarpon reductum
Rhizocarpon soreumidium (Stirt.) A.L. Sm. = Diplotomma alboatrum
Rhizocarpon superficiale subsp. boreale Runemark = Rhizocarpon superficiale
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. arcticum Runemark = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Runemark = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. prospectans (Räsänen) Runemark = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon tinei subsp. vulgare Runemark = Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon transiens Eitner = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rhizonema interruptum (Carmich. ex Hook.) Thwaites = Dictyonema interruptum
Rhizomorpha dichotoma Sowerby = name of uncertain application {?F}
Rhizomorpha spinosa Ach. = name of uncertain application {?F}
Rhymbocarpus gregarius (Sherwood, D. Hawksw. & Coppins) Triebel = Skyttea gregaria {LF}
Ricasolia amplissima (Scop.) De Not. = Lobaria amplissima
Ricasolia glomulifera (Lightf.) Nyl. = Lobaria amplissima
Ricasolia laetevirens (Lightf.) Leight. = Lobaria virens
Riccia auriformis With. = Collema auriforme
Rimelia reticulata (Taylor) Hale & A. Fletcher = Parmotrema reticulatum
Rinodina aequata (Ach.) Flagey = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rinodina albidorimulosa (Harm.) Zahlbr. = Rinodina alba Metzler ex Arnold;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rinodina arnoldii H. Mayrhofer & Poelt = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rinodina biatorina Körb. = Rinodina oxydata
Rinodina bischoffii var. immersa Körb. = Rinodina immersa
Rinodina cerina (Hedw.) Gray = Caloplaca cerina
Rinodina colobina auct. brit., non (Ach.) Th. Fr. = Rinodina pityrea
#Rinodina confragosa sensu A.L. Sm. p.p. = Rinodina beccariana
Rinodina coniopta (Nyl.) Hav. = Rinodina luridescens
Rinodina demissa auct. brit. = Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina discolor (Hepp) Arnold = Rinodina oxydata
Rinodina exigua auct. brit. p.max.p., non (Ach.) Gray = Rinodina oleae
Rinodina exigua var. ‘lecideina’ [sphalm.] sensu P. James = Rinodina exigua var. lecidioides (Nyl.) Th. Fr. (q.v.)
Rinodina exigua var. lecideoides auct. brit., ? non (Nyl.) Th. Fr. = ? Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina exigua var. lecideoides (Nyl.) Th. Fr. = Rinodina lecideoides (Nyl.) Kernst.; ?
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rinodina glaucoma (Hoffm.) Gray = Lecanora rupicola
Rinodina lecideina H. Mayrhofer & Poelt = Amandinea lecideina
#Rinodina milvina auct. brit. p.max.p. = Rinodina atrocinerea
Rinodina polyspora Th. Fr. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Rinodina salina Degel. = Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina subarenaria A.L. Sm. = Rinodina oxydata
Rinodina subglaucescens (Nyl.) Sheard = Rinodina beccariana
Rinodina subglaucescens auct. brit. p.p. [on plant debris] = Rinodina roboris var. armeriicola
Rinodina subexigua (Nyl.) H. Olivier = Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina tuberculosa (Ach.) Gray = Aspicilia tuberculosa
Rinodina umbrinofusca (Nyl.) H. Olivier = Buellia aethalea
Rinodina ventosa (L.) Gray = Ophioparma ventosa
Roccella fucoides Vain. = Roccella phycopsis
Ropalospora lugubris f. sorediata Fryday ad int. = unpublished name
Rusavskia elegans (Link) S. Kondratyuk & Kärnefelt = Xanthoria elegans

S

Lichen Name Synonym
Saccomorpha icmalea (Ach.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux = Placynthiella icmalea
Saccomorpha oligotropha (J.R. Laundon) Clauzade & Cl. Roux = Placynthiella oligotropha
Saccomorpha uliginosa (Schrad.) Hafellner = Placynthiella uliginosa
Sagedia crassa (DC.) A. Massal. = Enterographa crassa
Sagedia circumscripta (Taylor) Leight. = Peterjamesia circumscripta
Sagedia marina Deakin = Stigmidium marinum {LF}
Sagediopsis tartarina (Nyl.) Vain. = Sagediopsis campsteriana {LF}
Sagiolechia rhexoblephara (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Rhexophiale rhexoblephara
Sarcinulella banksiae B. Sutton & Alcorn [anamorph] = Anisomeridium polypori
Sarcogyne pruinosa auct. brit. = Sarcogyne regularis
Sarcogyne simplex (Davies) Nyl. = Polysporina simplex
Sarcopyrenia gibba auct. brit. = Sarcopyrenia gibba var. geisleri {LF}
Schaereria endocyanea (Stirt.) Hertel & Gotth. Schneid. = Schaereria fuscocinerea
Schaereria tenebrosa (Flot.) Hertel & Poelt = Schaereria fuscocinerea
Schasmaria sparassa (Ach.) Gray = Cladonia squamosa var. squamosa
Schismatomma abietinum (Humb.) A. Massal. = ? Schismatomma graphidioides
Schismatomma amylaceum (Ehrh. ex Pers) A. Massal. = Lecanographa amylacea
Schismatomma amylaceum var. candidum sensu Mudd (1861) = Lecanactis dilleniana
Schismatomma premneum var. saxicolum Mudd = Cresponea premnea [on rock]
Schismatomma premneum (Ach.) Mudd = Cresponea premnea
Schismatomma pericleum (Ach.) Branth & Rostr. = Schismatomma graphidioides
Schismatomma virgineum D. Hawksw. & P. James = Schismatomma cretaceum
Schizoma lichenodeum (Nyl.) Nyl. = Lempholemma radiatum
Schizoxylon corticolum Nyl = Bactrospora corticola
Sclerophora nivea (Hoffm.) Tibell = Sclerophora pallida
Sclerophytomyces circumscriptus
(Taylor) Sparrius & P. James
= Peterjamesia circumscripta
Sclerophytomyces circumscriptus
var. sorediatus Sparrius, P. James & M.A. Allen
= Peterjamesia sorediata
Sclerophyton circumscriptum f. dendrizum (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Peterjamesia circumscripta
Sclerophyton circumscriptum (Taylor) Zahlbr. = Peterjamesia circumscripta
Sclerophytonomyces circumscriptus
(Taylor) Sparrius & P. James [orth. error]
= Peterjamesia circumscripta
Sclerophytonomyces circumscriptus
var. sorediatus Sparrius, P. James & M.A. Allen [orth. error]
= Peterjamesia sorediata
Scoliciosporum compactum Körb. = Scoliciosporum umbrinum
%Scoliciosporum intrusum (Th. Fr.) Hafellner = Carbonea intrusa
Scoliciosporum vermiferum sensu Mudd = Scoliciosporum umbrinum
Scutula cristata (Leight.) Sacc. & D. Sacc. = Unguiculariopsis thallophila {LF}
Scutula episema (Nyl.) Zopf = Toninia episema {LF}
Scyphophora alcicornis (Lightf.) Gray = Cladonia foliacea
Scyphophora coccifera auct. = Cladonia coccifera s. lat.
Scyphophorus cocciferus auct. = Cladonia coccifera s. lat.
Scyphophorus cornutus (L.) Hook. = Cladonia cornuta
Scyphophorus deformis auct. brit. = Cladonia sulphurina
Scyphophorus filiformis sensu Hook. p.p. = Cladonia macilenta
Scyphophorus sparassus sensu Hook. = Cladonia squamosa s. lat.
Scytonema atrovirens (Dillwyn) C. Agardh = Ephebe lanata
Scytonema interruptum (Carmich. ex Hook.) Cooke = Dictyonema interruptum
Segestrella thelostoma (Ach. ex J. Harriman) Leight. = Thrombium thelostomum
Segestria lectissima Fr. = Porina lectissima
Segestria leptalea (Durieu & Mont.) R.C. Harris = Porina leptalea
Segestria mammillosa Th. Fr. = Porina mammillosa
Sirococcus lichenicola Keissl. = Bachmanniomyces uncialicola {LF}
Sirosiphon compactus (Agardh) Kütz. = non-lichenized Scytonema sp. {cyanobacterium}
Sirothecium lichenicola (Linds.) Keissl. = Vouauxiella lichenicola {LF}
Skyttea cruciata Sherwood, D. Hawksw. & Coppins = Rhymbocarpus cruciatus {LF}
Skyttea fusispora auct. brit. = Skyttea caesii {LF}
Skyttea lettaui (Grummann) D. Hawksw. = Unguiculariopsis lettaui {LF}
Skyttea refractiva Coppins = Unguiculariopsis refractiva {LF}
Skyttea tephromelarum Kalb & Hafellner = ? Skyttea elachistophora {LF}
Skyttea thallophila (P. Karst.) Sherwood & D. Hawksw. = Unguiculariopsis thallophila {LF}
Solenopsora leucospeirea Nyl. = Solenopsora vulturiensis
Solorina limbata (Sommerf.) Mudd = Solorina spongiosa
Sorothelia squamarioides (Mudd) Zopf = Polycoccum squamarioides {LF}
Sphaeria cerinaria Mudd = ? Lichenodiplis lecanorae {LF}
Sphaeria gelidaria Mudd = Roselliniopsis gelidaria {LF}
Sphaeria leucostoma Bernh., non Pers:Fr. (1832) = Pertusaria leioplaca
Sphaeria sphincterica Sowerby = Sphinctrina turbinata {LF}
Sphaeria squamarioides Mudd = Polycoccum squamarioides {LF}
Sphaeromphale terebrata Mudd = Staurothele rupifraga
Sphaeromphale umbrina (Wahlenb.) Mudd = Staurothele fissa
Sphaerophoron = see Sphaerophorus
Sphaerophorus compressus Ach. = Bunodophoron melanocarpum
Sphaerophorus coralloides Pers. = Sphaerophorus globosus
Sphaerophorus coralloides var. caespitosus (DC.) Turner & Borrer = Sphaerophorus fragilis
Sphaerophorus coralloides var. compressus Taylor = Bunodophoron melanocarpum
Sphaerophorus coralloides var. fragilis Taylor = Sphaerophorus fragilis
Sphaerophorus coralloides var. laxus Turner & Borrer = Sphaerophorus globosus
Sphaerophorus melanocarpus (Sw.) DC. = Bunodophoron melanocarpum
Sphaerulina chlorococca (Leight.) R. Sant. = Lauderlindsaya acroglypta
Sphaerulina chlorococca auct. p.p. = Lauderlindsaya borreri {LF}
Sphaerulina corniculata (Wallr.) Vouaux = Obryzum corniculatum {LF}
Sphaerulina endococcoidea (Nyl.) Sacc. & D. Sacc. = Phaeospora rimosicola {LF}
Sphinctrina gelasinata auct. = Sphinctrina turbinata {LF}
Sphinctrina kylemorensis (Larbal. ex Leight.) Cromb. = Sphinctrina leucopoda {LF}
Sphinctrina microcephala auct. brit. p.max.p. = Sphinctrina anglica {LF}
Sphinctrina microcephala Nyl. = Sphinctrina tubiformis {LF}
Sphinctrina pedata (Stenh.) R. Sant. = Sphinctrina leucopoda {LF}
Sphinctrina septata Leight. = Stenocybe septata {F}
Sphinctrina trachelinum (Ach.) Leight. in Vize (1882) = Calicium salicinum
Sphinctrina tubaeformis A. Massal. [orth. var.] = Sphinctrina tubiformis {LF}
Sphinctrina turbinata var. microcephala (Nyl.) Mudd = Sphinctrina tubiformis
Spiloma decolorans Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = Schismatomma decolorans
Spiloma dispersum Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = undetermined lignicolous fungus {F}
Spiloma fuliginosum Turner & Borrer = application uncertain
Spiloma gregarium (Weigel) Turner & Borrer = Arthonia cinnabarina
Spiloma graphideorum Nyl., nom. illeg. = Milospium graphideorum {LF}
Spiloma microscopicum Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = undetermined lignicolous fungus {F}
Spiloma murale Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = undetermined fungus {F}
Spiloma nigrum Turner & Borrer = application uncertain
Spiloma punctatum Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = undetermined corticolous pycnidiate lichen
Spiloma punctum Turner & Borrer = application uncertain
Spiloma tuberculosum Sm. = Porpidia tuberculosa
Spiloma variolosum Sm. = Opegrapha atra
[infected with Milospium graphideorum]
Spiloma vitiligo Ach. = Xylographa vitiligo
Spilomela ascaridiella (Nyl.) D. Hawksw. = Spirographa fusisporella {LF}
Spilomela vermifera (Leight.) Keissl. = Spirographa fusisporella {LF}
Spilomium graphideorum Nyl. = Milospium graphideorum {LF}
Spilonema scoticum Nyl. = unidentified discomycete associated with cyanobacteria {F}
Sporastatia cinerea (Schaer.) Körb. = Sporastatia polyspora
Squamaria affinis (Dicks.) Hook. = Pannaria rubiginosa
Squamaria caesia (Hoffm.) Hook. = Physcia caesia
Squamaria candelaria sensu Hook. (1833) = Candelaria concolor
Squamaria candelaria auct. p.p. = Xanthoria candelaria
Squamaria candelaria var. polycarpa (Hoffm.) Hook. = Xanthoria polycarpa
Squamaria cartilaginea auct. brit. = Lecanora achariana
Squamaria circinata auct. brit. = Aspicilia radiosa
Squamaria circinatula (Nyl.) H. Olivier = Aspicilia radiosa
Squamaria clementei (Sm.) Hook. = Physcia clementei
Squamaria crassa (Huds.) DC. = Squamarina cartilaginea
Squamaria exomila (Stirt.) Walt. Watson comb. inval. = Lecanora crenulata
Squamaria gelida (L.) Hook. = Placopsis gelida
Squamaria gelida auct. p.p. = Placopsis lambii
Squamaria hypnorum (Vahl) Hook. = Psoroma hypnorum
Squamaria lanuginosum Hook., nom. illeg. = Lepraria membranacea
Squamaria lentigera (Weber) DC. = Squamarina lentigera
Squamaria leucolepis (Wahlenb.) Hook. = Pannaria hookeri
Squamaria melanaspis (Ach.) Elenkin = Aspicilia melanaspis
Squamaria muralis (Schreb.) Elenkin = Lecanora muralis
Squamaria murorum sensu Hook. = Caloplaca aurantia
Squamaria muscorum (Gray) Hook. = Massalongia carnosa
Squamaria pruinosa (Chaub.) Duby = Lecanora pruinosa
Squamaria saxicola (Pollich) Hook. = Lecanora muralis
Squamaria saxicola var. areolata Leight. ex Mudd = Lecanora muralis
Squamaria subcircinata (Nyl.) H. Olivier = Aspicilia radiosa
Squamarina crassa var. pseudocrassa (Mattick) D. Hawksw. = Squamarina cartilaginea
Squamarina crassa (Huds.) Poelt = Squamarina cartilaginea
Squamarina crassa f. pseudocrassa (Mattick) Poelt = Squamarina cartilaginea
Staurothele catalepta auct. brit. = Staurothele fissa
Staurothele clopima auct. brit. p.p. = Staurothele areolata
Staurothele clopima auct. brit. p.p. = Staurothele fissa
Staurothele ebborensis Walt. Watson = Staurothele caesia
Staurothele innata Walt. Watson = Staurothele rugulosa
Staurothele umbrina (Wahlenb.) Tuck. = Staurothele fissa
Stegia vermicularis (Arnold) Keissl. = Thamnogalla crombei {LF}
Stenocybe bryophila Walt. Watson = Stenocybe nitida {F}
Stenocybe byssacea (Fr.) Körb. = Stenocybe pullatula {F}
Stenocybe euspora sensu Mudd = Stenocybe septata {F}
Stenocybe major auct. brit. = Stenocybe septata {F}
Stenocybe major var. macvicarensis Grélet = Stenocybe nitida {F}
Stenocybe tremulicola Norrlin ex Nyl. = Phaeocalicium tremulicola (Norrlin ex Nyl.) Tibell {F};
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stenographa anguina auct. europ. = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anguina var. diffusa (Leight.) Mudd = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anguina var. divaricata (Leight.) Mudd = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anguina var. flexuosa (Leight.) Mudd = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anguina var. pulverulenta sensu Mudd = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anguina var. radiata (Leight.) Mudd = Graphina anguina auct. europ.
Stenographa anomala (Leight.) Mudd = Graphina ruiziana
Stereocaulon botryosum Ach. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stereocaulon cereolus auct. brit. = Pilophorus strumaticus
Stereocaulon condensatum
subsp. cereolinum sensu Cromb. (1870)
= Pilophorus strumaticus
Stereocaulon coralloides Fr. = Stereocaulon dactylophyllum
Stereocaulon denudatum Flörke = Stereocaulon vesuvianum
Stereocaulon evolutoides (H. Magn.) Frey = Stereocaulon saxatile
Stereocaulon fastigiatum Anzi = Stereocaulon botryosum Ach.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stereocaulon fastigiatum var. dissolutum H. Magn. = Stereocaulon spathuliferum
Stereocaulon incrustatum Flörke = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stereocaulon microscopicum (Vill.) Frey = Leprocaulon microscopicum
Stereocaulon nanum (Ach.) Ach. = Leprocaulon microscopicum
Stereocaulon paschale (L.) Hoffm. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stereocaulon paschale auct. brit. p.p. = Stereocaulon vesuvianum
Stereocaulon subcoralloides (Nyl.) Nyl. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stereocaulon vesuvianum
var. capitatum (Flot. ex Körb.) P. James
= Stereocaulon vesuvianum var. nodulosum
Stereocaulon vesuvianum
var. depressum (H. Magn.) I.M. Lamb
= Stereocaulon vesuvianum var. nodulosum
Stereocaulon vesuvianum
var. pulvinatum auct.
= Stereocaulon vesuvianum var. vesuvianum
Sticta aurata Ach. = Pseudocyphellaria aurata
Sticta crocata (L.) Ach. = Pseudocyphellaria crocata
Sticta damicornis auct. = Sticta canariensis
Sticta dufourii Delise = Sticta canariensis [blue-green phycotype]
Sticta glomulifera (Lightf.) Delise = Lobaria amplissima
Sticta intricata var. thouarsii (Delise) Nyl. = Pseudocyphellaria intricata
Sticta intricata var. thouarsii auct. p.p. = Pseudocyphellaria norvegica
Sticta macrophylla sensu Borrer, non Bory ex Delise = Sticta canariensis [green phycotype]
Sticta pulmonacea (Ach.) Ach. = Lobaria pulmonaria
Sticta pulmonaria (L.) Hook. = Lobaria pulmonaria
Sticta scrobiculata (Scop.) Ach. = Lobaria scrobiculata
Sticta sinuosa sensu Crundwell (1957) = Sticta canariensis [green phycotype]
Sticta sinuosa Pers. ex Gaudich. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Stictina crocata (L.) Nyl. = Pseudocyphellaria crocata
Stictina dufourii (Delise) Nyl. = Sticta canariensis [blue-green phycotype]
Stictina fuliginosa (Hoffm.) Nyl. = Sticta fuliginosa
Sticta herbacea (Huds.) Gray = Lobaria virens
Stictina intricata var. thouarsii (Delise) Nyl. = Pseudocyphellaria intricata
Stictina intricata var. thouarsii auct. p.p. = Pseudocyphellaria norvegica
Stictina limbata (Sm.) Nyl. = Sticta limbata
Stictina scrobiculata (Scop.) Nyl. = Lobaria scrobiculata
Stictina sylvatica (Huds.) Nyl. = Sticta sylvatica
Stigmatella circumscripta (Taylor) Mudd = Peterjamesia circumscripta
Stigmatidium circumscriptum f. dendrizum Nyl. = Peterjamesia circumscripta
Stigmatidium crassum (DC.) Duby = Enterographa crassa
Stigmatidium dendriticum Leight. = Arthonia atlantica
Stigmatidium hutchinsiae (Leight.) Nyl. = Enterographa hutchinsiae
Stigmatidium obscurum (Sm. & Sowerby) Spreng. = Enterographa crassa
Stigmatidium venosum auct. brit. p.p. = Enterographa crassa
Stigmatidium venosum auct. brit. p.p. = Enterographa elaborata
Stigmidium allogenum (Nyl.) D. Hawksw. = Arthopyrenia allogena {LF}
Stigmidium dispersum (J. Lahm ex Körb.) D. Hawksw. = Zwackhiomyces dispersus {LF}
Stigmidium schaereri auct. = Stigmidium congestum {LF}
Stigonema atrovirens (Dillwyn) C. Agardh = Ephebe lanata
Strangospora delitescens (Arnold) Coppins = Biatoridium delitescens
Strigula affinis auct. brit. = Strigula jamesii
Strigula affinis (A. Massal.) R.C. Harris = incorrectly recorded from the British Isles
%Strigula alpestris (V?zda) Hafellner = Strigula stigmatella var. alpestris
Strigula babingtonii Berk. = Dennisiella babingtonii (Berk.) Bat. & Cif. {F}
Strigula diederichiana Etayo, Cl. Roux & Sérus. ad int. = Strigula phaea
Strigula lateralis Aptroot & Van den Boom = Strigula tagananae
Strigula stigmatella var. alpina auct. brit. (sphalm.) = Strigula stigmatella var. alpestris
Strongylium aciculare sensu Gray, non (Ach.) Gray = Chaenotheca hispidula
Strongylium capitellatum (Ach.) Gray = Chaenotheca furfuracea
Strongylium debile (Sm.) Gray = Chaenothecopsis debilis {F}
Synalissa intricata (Arnold) Nyl. = Lempholemma intricatum
Synalissa kenmorensis Holl ex Nyl. = Porocyphus kenmorensis
Synalissa ramulosa (Hoffm.) Körb. = Synalissa symphoreav
Synaptospora tartaricola (Nyl.) Cain = Roselliniopsis tartaricola {LF}
Synechoblastus aggregatus auct. = Collema fascicularev
Synechoblastus ascaridosporus (A. Massal.) Zahlbr. = Collema fasciculare
Synechoblastus complicatus (Schaer.) Mudd, non sensu Mudd = Collema cristatum
Synechoblastus complicatus sensu Mudd = Collema undulatum
Synechoblastus fascicularis (L.) A.L. Sm. = Collema fasciculare
Synechoblastus flaccidus (Ach.) Körb. = Collema flaccidum
Synechoblastus nigrescens auct. p.p. = Collema furfuraceum
Synechoblastus laureri Körb., nom. illeg. = Collema undulatum
Synechoblastus multipartitus (Sm.) Körb. = Collema multipartitum
Synechoblastus nigrescens (Huds.) Trevis. = Collema nigrescens
Synechoblastus polycarpus (Hoffm.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth. = Collema polycarpon
Synechoblastus rupestris (Sw.) Trevis. = Collema flaccidum

T

Lichen Name Synonym
Taeniolella scripta (P. Karst.) S. Hughes = Taeniolina scripta {LF}
Tephromela aglaea (Sommerf.) Hafellner = Calvitimela aglaea
Tephromela armeniaca (DC.) Hertel & Rambold = Calvitimela armeniaca
%Tetramelas insignis (Nägeli ex Hepp) Kalb = Buellia insignis
%Tetramelas papillatus (Sommerf.) Kalb = Buellia papillata
%Tetramelas pulverulentus (Anzi) A. Nordin & Tribell = Buellia pulverulenta
Thalloidima candidum (Weber) A. Massal. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Thalloidima coeruleonigricans auct. = Toninia sedifolia
Thalloidima cumulatum (Sommerf.) Hellb. = Stereocaulon cumulatum
Thalloidima tumidulum (Sm.) A. Massal. = Toninia tumidula
Thelidium acrotellum Arnold = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium aeneovinosum (Anzi) Arnold = Thelidium methorium
Thelidium aethioboloides sensu Zschacke = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium auruntii auct. brit. p.p. = Thelidium fumidum
Thelidium auruntii sensu A.L. Sm. = Thelidium incavatum
Thelidium borreri Mudd = Thelidium pyrenophorum
Thelidium calcivorum auct. brit. = Thelidium incavatum
Thelidium cataractarum auct. brit. p.p. = Thelidium microbolum
Thelidium cataractarum auct. brit. p.p. = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium cataractarum auct. brit. p.p. = Thelidium zwackhii
Thelidium cataractarum (Hepp) Lönnr., et auct. brit. p.p. = Thelidium fontigenum
Thelidium elaeinum (Borrer) Mudd = Verrucaria elaeina
Thelidium epipolytropum Mudd = Cercidospora epipolytropa {LF}
Thelidium exile Arnold = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium explicatum (Stirt.) Wheldon & A. Wilson = Thelidium pyrenophorum
Thelidium hospitum Arnold. = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium immersum Mudd = Thelidium decipiens
Thelidium margaceum (Leight.) Zschacke = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium marinum (Deakin) Keissl. = Stigmidium marinum {LF}
Thelidium mesotropum (Nyl.) A.L. Sm. = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium microbolum (Tuck.) Hasse (1913) = Thelidium fontigenum
Thelidium microcarpum (Davies ex Leight.) A.L. Sm. = Thelidium zwackhii
Thelidium minimum (A. Massal.) Arnold = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Thelidium parvulum auct. brit. = Verrucaria bryoctona
Thelidium salweii (Leight. ex Nyl.) Mudd [orth. error] = Acrocordia salweyi
Thelidium salweyi (Leight. ex Nyl.) Mudd = Acrocordia salweyi
Thelidium sparsulum (Nyl.) A.L. Sm. = Thelidium zwackhii
Thelidium subgelatinosum (Sm.) Zschacke = Thelidium zwackhii
Thelidium submethorium (Vain.) Zschacke = Thelidium methorium
Thelidium subrimulatum auct. brit. = Thelidium pyrenophorum
Thelidium terrestre Walt. Watson = Thelidium minutulum
Thelidium viride (Deakin) Zahlbr. = ? Thelidium pyrenophorum
Thelocarpon epilithellum Nyl. = Thelocarpon laureri
Thelocarpon epithallinum Leight. = Thelocarpon epibolum var. epithallinum
Thelocarpon interceptum Nyl. = Thelocarpon laureri
Thelocarpon intermixtulum Nyl. = Thelocarpon intermediellum
Thelocarpon intermixtulum var. olivaceum (de Lesd.) H. Magn. = Thelocarpon olivaceum
Thelotrema agelaea (Ach.) Gray = Phlyctis agelaea
Thelotrema hutchinsiae Borrer = Pertusaria hutchinsiae
Thelotrema lepadinum f. rupestre (Turner) Cromb. = Thelotrema lepadinum
Thelotrema lepadinum var. rupestre Turner = Thelotrema lepadinum
Thelotrema lepadinum var. scutelliforme Ach. = Thelotrema lepadinum
Thelotrema melaleucum (Sm.) Turner & Borrer = Pertusaria pustulata
Thelotrema monosporum auct. brit., non Nyl. = Thelotrema macrosporum
Thelotrema subtile auct. brit., non Tuck. = Thelotrema petractoides
Thermutis compacta (Agardh) A.L. Sm. = non-lichenized Scytonema sp. {cyanobacterium}
Thrombium aoristoides I.M. Lamb = Thrombium epigaeum
Thrombium cretaceum Walt. Watson = Lecidea lichenicola
Thrombium laetevirens (Massee) A.L. Sm. = Verrucaria mucosa
Thyrea radiata (Sommerf.) Zahlbr. = Lempholemma radiatum
Tichothecium calcaricola (Mudd) Arnold = ? Endococcus rugulosus {LF}
Tichothecium cerinarium (Mudd) Berl & Voglino = ? Lichenodiplis lecanorae {LF}
Tichothecium erraticum A. Massal. = Muellerella lichenicola {LF}
Tichothecium gemmiferum auct. = Endococcus propinquus {LF}
Tichothecium lichenicola (Sommerf. ex Fr.) R. Sant. = Muellerella lichenicola {LF}
Tichothecium pygmaeum Körb. = Muellerella pygmaea {LF}
Tichothecium pygmaeum var. ecatonosporum (Anzi) G. Winter = Muellerella pygmaea {LF}
Tichothecium pygmaeum var. erraticum (A. Massal.) Vouaux = Muellerella lichenicola {LF}
Tichothecium pygmaeum var. ventosicola (Mudd) G. Winter = Muellerella ventosicola {LF}
Tichothecium rugulosum (Nyl.) Arnold = Endococcus rugulosus {LF}
Tichothecium squamarioides (Mudd) G. Winter = Polycoccum squamarioides {LF}
Tichothecium stigma auct. = Endococcus perpusillus {LF}
Tichothecium vermicularium (Linds.) Arnold = incorrectly reported from the British Isles {LF}
Tomasellia ischnobela (Nyl.) Keissl. = Celothelium ischnobelum
Tomasellia lactea (Ach.) R.C. Harris = Mycoporum lacteum {F}
Toninia caeruleonigricans auct. = Toninia sedifolia
Toninia cambrica (Wheldon) Walt. Watson = Stereocaulon leucophaeopsis
Toninia candida (Weber) Th. Fr. = probably incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Toninia caradocensis (Leight. ex Nyl.) J. Lahm = Hypocenomyce caradocensis
Toninia carbonacea Anzi = Toninia verrucarioides
Toninia cervina Lönnr. = Toninia verrucarioides
Toninia cumulata (Sommerf.) Th. Fr. = Stereocaulon cumulatum
Toninia havaasii H. Magn. = Toninia squalida
Toninia kolax Poelt = Toninia verrucarioides
Toninia leucophaeoides sensu P. James (1965) (sphalm.) = Stereocaulon leucophaeopsis
Toninia leucophaeopsis (Nyl.) Th. Fr. = Stereocaulon leucophaeopsis
Toninia lobulata (Sommerf.) Lynge = Bilimbia lobulata
Toninia lurida (Arnold) H. Olivier = Toninia physaroides
Toninia oribata (Nyl.) P. James = Toninia coelestina
Toninia pulvinata (Taylor) H. Olivier = Toninia thiopsora
Toninia leucophaeopsis (Nyl.) Th. Fr. = Stereocaulon leucophaeopsis
Toninia squamulosa Mudd = Toninia aromatica
Toninia squamulosa auct. p.p. = Bilimbia lobulata
Toninia syncomista (Flörke) Th. Fr. = Bilimbia lobulata
Toninia tristis (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Toninia turneri (Leight.) H. Olivier = Toninia aromatica
Tornabenia atlantica (Ach.) Kurok. = Tornabea scutellifera
Torula cyanescens Kalchbr. = Kalchbrenneriella cyanescens {LF}
Trachylia stigonella auct. brit., non (Ach.) Fr. = Cyphelium sessile
Trachylia tigillaris (Ach.) Fr. = Cyphelium tigillare
Trachylia tympanella (Ach.) Fr. = Cyphelium inquinans
Trapelia involuta (Taylor) Hertel = Trapelia glebulosa
Trapelia mooreana (Carroll) P. James = Ainoa mooreana
Trapelia ornata (Sommerf.) Hertel = Trapelia glebulosa
Trapelia vezdaeoides Coppins in sched. = Coppinsia minutissima
Tremella corniculata With. = Leptogium corniculatum
Tremella dichotomum With. = Collema dichotomum
Tremolecia jurana (Schaer.) Hertel = Farnoldia jurana
Trichia furfuracea (L.) With. = Chaenotheca furfuracea
Trichonectria aculeata Kirschst. = Trichonectria hirta {LF}
Trichonectria anisospora (Lowen) Van den Boom & Diederich = Pronectria anisospora {LF}
Trichonectria rubifaciens (Ellis & Everh.) Diederich & Schroers = Nectriopsis rubifaciens {LF}
Trichothelium aeneum (Wallr.) R.C. Harris = Porina aenea
Trichothelium chloroticum (Ach.) R.C. Harris = Porina chlorotica
Trichothelium guentheri (Flot.) R.C. Harris = Porina guentheri
Trichothelium lineare (Leight.) R.C. Harris = Porina linearis
Trichothyrina cetrariicola (Nyl.) D. Hawksw. = Lichenopeltella cetrariicola {LF}
Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale [orth. error] = Tuckermanopsis chlorophylla