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Lichen synonyms U-Z

U

Synonym Current Lichen Name
Umbilicaria arctica (Ach.) Nyl. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Umbilicaria cylindrica var. delisei Nyl. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica f. denticulata (Ach.) Leight. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica var. denudata (Turner & Borrer) Frey = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica f. exasperata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica var. fimbriata (Ach.) Nyl. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica var. laciniata (Retz.) Zahlbr. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria cylindrica var. tornata (Ach.) Nyl. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria decussata (Vill.) Zahlbr. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Umbilicaria erosa (Weber) Hoffm. = Umbilicaria torrefacta
Umbilicaria erosa var. torrida(Ach.) Nyl. = Umbilicaria torrefacta
Umbilicaria flocculosa (Wulfen) Hoffm. = Umbilicaria deusta
Umbilicaria murina (Ach.) DC. = Umbilicaria grisea
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. congregata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. glabra (Ach.) Stizenb. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. lacera (Leight.) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyphylla var. lacera (Leight.) Cromb. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. monophylla (Leight.) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyphylla f. sulcata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria polyrrhiza var. luxurians (Ach.) Nyl. = Umbilicaria polyrrhiza
Umbilicaria proboscidea f. corrugata (Hoffm.) Leight. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria proboscidea var. deplicans Nyl. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria proboscidea var. exasperata (Hoffm.) Nyl. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria proboscidea f. fimbriata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria proboscidea f. mesenteriformis sensu Leight., non (Wulfen) Leight. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria pustulata (L.) Hoffm. = Lasallia pustulata
Umbilicaria spadochroa (Ehrh. ex. Hoffm.) DC. [orth. var.] = Umbilicaria spodochroa
Umbilicaria rigida (Du Rietz) Frey = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Umbilicaria varia var. arctica (Ach.) Leight. = Umbilicaria arctica (Ach.) Nyl.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Umbilicaria varia var. deusta (L.) Leight. = Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria varia var. erosa (Weber) Leight. = Umbilicaria torrefacta
Umbilicaria varia var. grisea (Hoffm.) Leight. = Umbilicaria grisea
Umbilicaria varia var. flocculosa (Wulfen) Leight. = Umbilicaria deusta
Umbilicaria varia var. hyperborea (Ach.) Leight. = Umbilicaria hyperborea
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla (L.) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla f. congregata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla f. lacera Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla f. monophylla Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria varia var. polyphylla f. sulcata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria varia var. proboscidea sensu Leight., non (L.) Leight. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria varia var. proboscidea f. denudata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria varia var. proboscidea f. exasperata (Turner & Borrer) Leight. = Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria virginis Schaer. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Urceolaria cyrtaspis auct. = Ionaspis lacustris
Usnea articulata subsp. intestiniformis (Ach.) Motyka = Usnea articulata
Usnea articulata subsp. mediterranea Motyka = Usnea articulata
Usnea barbata auct. brit. p.max.p. = Usnea filipendula
Usnea barbata var. articulata (L.) Ach. = Usnea articulata
Usnea barbata var. plicata auct. brit. p.p. = Usnea ceratina
Usnea cavernosa Tuck. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea ceratina var. incurvescens (Arnold) H. Olivier, non auct. brit. p.p. = Usnea ceratina
Usnea ceratina var. incurvescens auct. brit. p.p., non (Arnold) H. Olivier = Usnea cornuta
Usnea ceratina var. scabrosa sensu Cromb., ? non Ach. = Usnea flammea
Usnea comosa (Ach.) Vain. = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea comosa var. similis (Motyka) Erichsen = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea comosa var. sordidula (Motyka) H. Magn. = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea compacta auct. brit., non (Räsänen) Motyka = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea constrictula Stirt. = Usnea cornuta
Usnea dasaea Stirt. = Usnea cornuta
Usnea dasypoga auct. brit. = Usnea filipendula
Usnea diplotypus Vain. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea distincta auct. brit., non Motyka = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea extensa Vain. = Usnea glabrescens
Usnea fibrillosa Motyka = Usnea filipendula
Usnea foveata Vain. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
#Usnea fulvoreagens auct. brit. p.p., non (Räsänen) Räsänen = Usnea esperantiana
Usnea glauca Motyka = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea hirta var. comiformis Motyka ex Räsänen = Usnea hirta
Usnea hirta f. hirsutula Stirt. = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea hirta var. minutissima (Mereschk.) Cretz. = Usnea hirta
Usnea hirta var. villosa (Ach.) Räsänen = Usnea hirta
Usnea implicata (Stirt.) Zahlbr. = Usnea baileyi (Stirt.) Zahlbr.;
incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea inflata (Duby) Motyka = Usnea cornuta
Usnea intexta Stirt. = Usnea cornuta
Usnea laricina auct., ? non Vain. ex Räsänen = Usnea glabrescens
Usnea madeirensis Motyka = Usnea silesiaca
Usnea mollis Stirt. = Usnea fragilescens var. mollis
Usnea monstruosa auct. brit., non Vain. = Usnea filipendula
Usnea muricata Motyka = Usnea filipendula
Usnea pendulina Motyka = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea plicata auct. brit. p.p. = Usnea ceratina
Usnea plicata var. comosa (Ach.) Ach. = Usnea subfloridana
Usnea protensa Stirt. = Usnea rubicunda
Usnea rubiginea auct. brit., non (Michx.) A. Massal. = Usnea rubicunda
Usnea rubiginosa auct. = Usnea rubicunda
Usnea rupestris Motyka = Usnea flammea
Usnea scabrata Nyl. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Usnea sorediifera var. laricina auct., ? non (Vain. ex Räsänen) Keissl. = Usnea glabrescens
#Usnea subfloridana auct. brit. p.p. pre-1992 = Usnea wasmuthii
Usnea sublurida Stirt. = Usnea rubicunda
Usnea subpectinata Stirt. = Usnea cornuta
Usnea wirthii P. Clerc = Usnea flavocardia

V

Lichen Name Synonym
Varicellaria rhodocarpa (Körb.) Th. Fr. = incorrectly reported from the British Isles
Variolaria agelaea (Ach.) Turner & Borrer ex Hook. = Phlyctis agelaea
Variolaria argena (Spreng.) Turner & Borrer ex Hook. = Phlyctis argena
Variolaria aspergilla sensu Sm. (1812) = Pertusaria hemisphaerica
Variolaria cinerea Sm. = Trapelia cf. coarctata
Variolaria communis var. aspergilla sensu Gray = Pertusaria hemisphaerica
Variolaria conspurcata (Sm.) Turner & Borrer p.p. = Dirina massiliensis f. sorediata
Variolaria constellata Taylor p.p. = Pertusaria polythecia
Variolaria constellata Taylor p.p. = Phlyctis agelaea
Variolaria discoidea Pers. = Pertusaria albescens var. albescens
Variolaria faginea Pers. = Pertusaria amara
Variolaria flavida DC. = Pertusaria flavida
Variolaria globulifera Turner = Pertusaria albescens var. albescens
Variolaria griseovirens Turner & Borrer ex Sm. = Buellia griseovirens
Variolaria hemisphaerica Flörke = Pertusaria hemisphaerica
Variolaria lactea (L.) Pers. = Pertusaria lactea
Variolaria multipuncta Turner = Pertusaria multipuncta
Variolaria torta Taylor = Bacidia carneoglauca
Variolaria vitiligo (Ach.) Turner & Borrer ex Hook. = Xylographa vitiligo
Verrucaria achroopora Nyl. = Pyrenula dermatodes
Verrucaria addubitans Stirt. = of uncertain application {?LF}
Verrucaria advenula Nyl. = Phaeospora parasitica {LF}
Verrucaria aethiobola var. cataleptoides (Nyl.) Vain. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria affinis auct. brit. = Porina aenea
Verrucaria albissima Nyl. = Leptorhaphis epidermidis {F}
Verrucaria amylacea auct. brit. = Verrucaria praetermissa
Verrucaria analepta (Ach.) Ach. = Arthopyrenia analepta {F}
Verrucaria aphanes Borrer = identity uncertain; probably an Opegrapha sp.
Verrucaria aphanes auct. p.p. = Opegrapha vermicellifera
Verrucaria aspiciliae Zehetl., non Vain. = Verrucaria canella
Verrucaria aspiciliicola R. Sant = Verrucaria canella
Verrucaria aquilella Nyl. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria aractina Wahlenb. = Verrucaria maura
Verrucaria biformis Borrer = Anisomeridium biforme
Verrucaria bryospila Nyl. = Frigidopyrenia bryospila
Verrucaria calcaricola (Mudd) Leight. = ? Endococcus rugulosus {LF}
Verrucaria carnea (Arnold) Servít = ? Verrucaria hochstetteri
Verrucaria cataleptoides (Nyl.) Nyl. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria cataleptoides var. ochrostoma (Borrer ex Leight.) Servít = Verrucaria ochrostoma
Verrucaria ceuthocarpa auct. brit. = Verrucaria degelii
Verrucaria ceuthocarpa Wahlenb. = incorrectly recorded from the British Isles
Verrucaria chlorococca Leight. = Lauderlindsaya acroglypta
Verrucaria chlorotica Ach. = Porina chlorotica f. chlorotica
Verrucaria chlorotica var. codonoidea Leight. = Porina chlorotica f. chlorotica
Verrucaria cinerea sensu Hook., non Pers. = Mycoporum antecellens {F}
Verrucaria collematodes auct. brit. = Verrucaria fusconigrescens
Verrucaria concinna Borrer = Verrucaria dufourii
Verrucaria conferta Taylor = Splanchnonema scoriadea (Fr.) M.E. Barr {F}
Verrucaria degenerascens Nyl. ex A.L. Sm. = Verrucaria funckii
Verrucaria dolomitica (A. Massal.) Kremp. = Verrucaria hochstetteri
Verrucaria dubiella Nyl. = Sphaerulina dubiella {LF}
Verrucaria elachistophora Nyl. = Skyttea elachistophora {LF}
Verrucaria elaeomelaena auct. brit. p.p. = Verrucaria funckii
Verrucaria endococcoidea Nyl. = Phaeospora rimosicola {LF}
Verrucaria epidermidis (Ach.) Ach. = Leptorhaphis epidermidis {F}
Verrucaria epidermidis var. analepta (Ach.) Hook. = Arthopyrenia analepta {F}
Verrucaria epidermidis var. fallax Nyl. = Arthopyrenia analepta {F}
Verrucaria epigaea (Pers.) Ach. = Thrombium epigaeum
Verrucaria epipolytropa (Mudd) Cromb. = Cercidospora epipolytropa {LF}
Verrucaria erichsenii auct. brit. = Verrucaria ditmarsica
Verrucaria fissa Taylor = Staurothele fissa
Verrucaria frisiaca Erichsen = Verrucaria halizoa
Verrucaria foveolata (Flörke) A. Massal. = ? Verrucaria hochstetteri
Verrucaria fumosaria Leight. = ? Endococcus rugulosus {LF}
Verrucaria furvescens Nyl. = Porina mammillosa
#Verrucaria fuscella sensu Wirth (1995) = Verrucaria polysticta
Verrucaria fuscocinerascens Nyl. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria glabrata sensu Carroll p.p., non Ach. = Pyrenula dermatodes
Verrucaria glabrata sensu Carroll p.p., non Ach. = Pyrenula occidentalis
Verrucaria glabratula Nyl. = Pyrenula dermatodes
Verrucaria glaucina auct. brit. p.max.p. = Verrucaria fuscella
Verrucaria glaucina auct. brit. p.min.p. = Verrucaria polysticta
Verrucaria glaucina sensu Leight. (1879) = Verrucaria canella
Verrucaria glaucina subsp. canella (Nyl.) A.L. Sm. = Verrucaria canella
Verrucaria granulosaria Clauzade & Zehetl. = Verrucaria latericola
Verrucaria griseorubens Mig. = Verrucaria viridula
Verrucaria hibernica Nyl. (1868) = Pyrenula hibernica
Verrucaria hibernica Zschacke (1927), non Nyl. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria hibernica Servít (1955), non Nyl., non Zschacke = Verrucaria hydrela
Verrucaria horistica Leight. = Opegrapha zonata
Verrucaria hybernica Servít (1955) [orth. error],
non Nyl., non Zschacke
= Verrucaria hydrela
Verrucaria imbrida Taylor = ? a species of Porocyphus,
Pterygiopsis or Pyrenopsis
Verrucaria immersa Leight., non Hoffm. = Thelidium decipiens
Verrucaria insularis auct. brit. = Verrucaria latericola
Verrucaria integra (Nyl.) Nyl. = ? Verrucaria hochstetteri
Verrucaria inumbrata Nyl. = Polyblastia inumbrata
Verrucaria irrigua sensu Walt. Watson = Verrucaria hydrela
Verrucaria isidioides Borrer = Thelotrema isidioides
Verrucaria kernstockii Zschacke = Verrucaria rheitrophila
Verrucaria laburni (Arnold) Leight. = Arthopyrenia punctiformis {F}
Verrucaria laetevirens Borrer = Lichenomphalia hudsoniana
Verrucaria laetevirens Massee (1892) non Borrer (1830) = Verrucaria mucosa
Verrucaria laevata auct. brit. p.p. = Verrucaria aethiobola
Verrucaria laevata auct. brit. p.p. = Verrucaria praetermissa
Verrucaria larbalestieri Leighton = Endococcus rugulosus {LF}
Verrucaria lectissima (Fr.) Nyl. = Porina lectissima
Verrucaria leightonii Hepp = Verrucaria margacea
Verrucaria leightonii A. Massal., non Hepp = Verrucaria viridula
Verrucaria leptospora Nyl. = Porina leptospora
Verrucaria leptotera Nyl. = Stigmidium marinum {LF}
Verrucaria leucocephala (Pers.) Ach. = Lecanactis abietina
Verrucaria lorraine-smithii M. Knowles = Verrucaria sandstedei
Verrucaria mackenzie-lambii Erichsen = Verrucaria halizoa
Verrucaria malhamensis Nyl. = Verrucaria dufourii
Verrucaria marina (Deakin) Leight. = Stigmidium marinum {LF}
Verrucaria maura var. aractina (Wahlenb.) Torss. = Verrucaria maura
Verrucaria mauroides Schaer. = Verrucaria viridula
Verrucaria melanella Vain. = Verrucaria xyloxena
Verrucaria microspora auct. = Verrucaria halizoa
Verrucaria microsporoides auct. brit., ? non Nyl. = Verrucaria mucosa
Verrucaria mutabilis Borrer ex Leight. = of uncertain application
Verrucaria mutabilis auct. p.p., non Borrer ex Leight. = Verrucaria dolosa
Verrucaria nigritella Nyl. = Merismatium nigritellum {LF}
#Verrucaria nitida auct. brit. p.max.p. = Pyrenula macrospora
#Verrucaria nitida auct. brit. p.min.p. = Pyrenula chlorospila
Verrucaria nitida var. nitidella (Flörke) Schaer. = Pyrenula nitidella
#Verrucaria nitida var. nitidella auct. brit. p.max.p. = Pyrenula chlorospila
Verrucaria niveoatra Borrer = Opegrapha niveoatra
Verrucaria obscura (Sm. & Sowerby) Borrer = Enterographa crassa
Verrucaria olivacea auct. = Porina borreri
Verrucaria oxyspora Nyl. = Leptorhaphis epidermidis {F}
Verrucaria papillosa auct. brit. pre-1980 = various Verrucaria spp.
Verrucaria papillosa Ach. = Verrucaria viridula
Verrucaria papillosa var. papillosoides Walt. Watson = Verrucaria sp. of uncertain identity
Verrucaria parmigera auct. brit., non J. Steiner = Verrucaria baldensis
Verrucaria parva Deakin = Verrucaria murina
Verrucaria peloclita Nyl. = Verrucaria pinguicula
%Verrucaria perquisita (Norman) Ertz & Diederich = Trimmatothele perquisita
Verrucaria plumbea Ach. = Verrucaria caerulea
Verrucaria plumbea var. cineracea Mudd = Verrucaria caerulea
Verrucaria psammophila Erichsen = Verrucaria bryoctona
Verrucaria pseudomemnonia Zschacke = ? Verrucaria maura
Verrucaria psoromoides Borrer = Catapyrenium psoromoides
Verrucaria pulposa Leight. = Preussia funiculata (Preuss) Fuckel {F}
Verrucaria pyrenuloides var. hibernica (Nyl.) Carroll = Pyrenula hibernica
Verrucaria retecta Zschacke = Verrucaria aquatilis
Verrucaria retecta sensu Watson p.p. = Verrucaria sp. of uncertain identity
Verrucaria rhodosticta Taylor = Cryptothele rhodosticta
Verrucaria rhyponta auct. brit. p.p. = Stigmidium microspilum {LF}
Verrucaria rudis Borrer = non-lichenized coelomycete
Verrucaria rudis auct. p.max.p. = Opegrapha vermicellifera
Verrucaria rupestris Schrad. = Verrucaria muralis
Verrucaria rupestris var. subalbicans (Leight.) Mudd = Verrucaria ? muralis
Verrucaria rupifraga (A. Massal.) Nyl. ex Cromb. = Staurothele rupifraga
Verrucaria salweyi (Leight. ex Nyl.) Leight. ex Cromb. = Acrocordia salweyi
Verrucaria scotina auct. brit. = Verrucaria prominula
Verrucaria scotina Wedd, non auct. brit. = Verrucaria maura
Verrucaria scotinospora Nyl. = Polyblastia melaspora
Verrucaria silicea Servít = Verrucaria funckii
Verrucaria sphinctrina auct. = Verrucaria baldensis
Verrucaria spurcella Nyl. ex Shackleton & Hebden = Staurothele hymenogonia
Verrucaria striatula f. continua M. Knowles = Verrucaria striatula
Verrucaria subalbicans Leight. = Verrucaria ? muralis
Verrucaria submersa Borrer = Verrucaria hydrela
Verrucaria tartarina Nyl. = Sagediopsis campsteriana {LF}
Verrucaria taylorii Carroll ex Nyl. = Strigula taylorii
Verrucaria tectorum auct. brit., ?
non (A. Massal.) Körb.
= Verrucaria macrostoma f. furfuracea
Verrucaria tessellata (Sm.) Ach. (1810), non Hoffm. (1796) = Verrucaria sp.
Verrucaria thelostoma Ach. ex J. Harriman = Thrombium thelostomum
Verrucaria thrombioides A. Massal. = Verrucaria macrostoma
Verrucaria tristicula Nyl. = Agonimia tristicula
Verrucaria umbrina Wahlenb. = Staurothele fissa
Verrucaria umbrina var. calcarea Nyl. = Staurothele rupifraga
Verrucaria virens auct. brit., non Nyl. = Verrucaria muralis
Verrucaria viridula var. glaucina sensu Mudd (1861) = Verrucaria fuscella
Verrucaria viridula f. tectorum auct. brit., ?
non (A. Massal.) J.R. Laundon
= Verrucaria macrostoma f. furfuracea
Vorarlbergia medioincrassata Grummann = Epigloea medioincrassata
Vorarlbergia renitens auct. brit. = Epigloea soleiformis
Vouauxiella uniseptata D. Hawksw. = Nigromacula uniseptata {LF}

W

Lichen Name Synonym
Weddellomyces epicallopismum (Wedd.) D. Hawksw. [orth. error] = Weddellomyces epicallopisma {LF}
Weddellomyces peripherica (Taylor) Alstrup & D. Hawksw. [orth. error] = Weddellomyces periphericus {LF}
Wentiomyces peltigericola D. Hawksw. = Raciborskiomyces peltigericola {LF}
Woessia arnoldiana (Körb.) Sérus. & Diederich = Bacidia arnoldiana
Woessia caligans (Nyl.) Sérus. & Diederich = Bacidia caligans
Woessia delicata (Larbal. ex Leight.) Sérus. & Diederich = Bacidia delicata
Woessia inundata (Fr.) Sérus. & Diederich = Bacidia inundata

X

Lichen Name Synonym
Xanthomendoza coppinsii S. Kondratyuk & Kärnefelt & Søchting nom. inval. = ? Xanthoria ulophyllodes
%Xanthomendoza fulva (Hoffm.) Søchting, Kärnefelt & S. Kondr. = Xanthoria fulva
%Xanthomendoza ulophyllodes (Räsänen) Søchting, Kärnefelt & S. Kondr. = Xanthoria ulophyllodes
#Xanthoria aureola auct. brit. (pre-2005) = Xanthoria calcicola
#Xanthoria candelaria auct. p.p. = Xanthoria fulva
#Xanthoria candelaria auct. p.p. = Xanthoria ucrainica
#Xanthoria candelaria auct. p.p. = Xanthoria ulophyllodes
Xanthoria ectaneoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr. = Xanthoria aureola
Xanthoria fallax auct. brit. = Xanthoria ulophyllodes
Xanthoria lychnea (Ach.) Th. Fr. = Xanthoria candelaria
Xanthoria lychnea auct. p.p. = Xanthoria fulva
Xanthoria parietina var. aureola auct. = Xanthoria calcicola
Xanthoria parietina var. ectanea auct. = Xanthoria aureola
Xanthoria polycarpa f. lobulata auct. brit. = Xanthoria polycarpa
Xylographa abietina (Pers.) Zahlbr. = Xylographa parallela
Xylographa andrewii (Stirt.) Reding. = Geltingia associata {LF}
Xylographa corrugans Norman = Xylographa vitiligo
Xylographa laricicola Nyl. = Xylographa parallela
Xylographa minutula Körb. = ? Xylographa parallela
Xylographa spilomatica (Anzi) Th. Fr. = Xylographa vitiligo

Y

None

Z

Lichen Name Synonym
Zamenhofia coralloidea (P. James) Clauzade & Cl. Roux = Porina coralloidea
Zamenhofia hibernica (P. James & Swinscow) Clauzade & Cl. Roux = Porina hibernica
Zamenhofia rosei (Sérus.) P. James = Porina rosei