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… by fruiting parts

This section helps you find lichens that exhibit some of the characteristics listed below. It is not a ‘key’ but simply a grouping of lichens that display similar features when their reproductive or fruiting parts are examined. Some non-fruiting structures are included for convenience (see pseudocyphellae & pycnidia). A familiarity with this approach will help train your eye to ‘look’ at lichens in a manner required to work a good key. Select a menu item below for a list of lichens.